TotalEnergies’ Scope 3 Emissions
Under Scope 3, we report emissions corresponding to Category 11 of the GHG Protocol, “Use of Sold Products”. To avoid double counting and omissions, and in accordance with the petroleum industry reporting guidelines published by ipieca* 3, the emissions counted are based on the largest volume in each value chain (oil, gas or biofuels), i.e., the higher of production or sales.
Under Scope 3, TotalEnergies has since 2016 reported Category 11 emissions related to the use by its customers of products sold for final use – in other words, the emissions released when those products are burned to obtain energy, because customer use of these products constitutes the bulk of an energy company’s Scope 3 emissions.
* ipieca - Estimating petroleum industry value chain (Scope 3) greenhouse gas emissions
- Reducing Scope 3 Oil Emissions and Guiding Our Customers Toward Low Carbon Mobility
- Scope 3 Gas Emissions: Contributing to Lower Emissions from Electricity and Industry
Transportation and shipping accounted for about 25% of the world’s energy-related CO2 emissions in 2021 1. So decarbonizing mobility represents a major challenge.
We are progressively adapting our downstream refining and distribution of petroleum products, which now account for a much smaller share of the energy mix we sell. Scope 3 cate¬gory 11 emissions from the Company’s oil value chain fell by more than 25% over 2015-2022.
On the strength of that trend, we are accelerating our targets: we have now set 2025, rather than the previous date of 2030, as our target date for reducing our Scope 3 oil emissions by 30% in absolute terms from 2015 levels, and for 2030 we have increased our target reduction to 40%.
Accounting for 19% of the world’s energy-related CO2 emissions, road transportation is far and away the highest-emitting form of mobility.
TotalEnergies supports policies to reduce vehicle emissions. That’s why we offer solutions for our customers that are designed to spur the adoption of electric mobility:
- We are deploying charging infrastructure, with a network that boasts more than 42,000 operated charge points (a 65% increase over 2021) and a target of 150,000 charge points worldwide.
- We are upgrading services, offering high-power charging solutions along major highways (more than 160 in Germany, Bene lux and France in 2022). Our goal is to equip 700 sites in Europe with high-power charge points by 2025.
- We are producing batteries for electric vehicles: construction began on the ACC “giga-factory” in northern France during 2022, in partnership with Stellantis and Mercedes Benz.
Sales of NGV fuel (derived from natural gas or biogas) and biofuels can reduce GHG emissions from the existing automotive fleet until electric vehicles gain a broader market share. Thanks to our biorefineries in Europe, we can offer our customers hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO 2), a 100% bio-based biodiesel that can reduce carbon emissions by 50% to 90% over a conventional fuel.
In 2022, TotalEnergies distributed 3.3 Mt of biofuels, and hopes aims to exceed 15 Mt by 2030. The Company is also promoting growth in low carbon hydrogen as a mobility solution, particularly for trucks. In 2022 we continued to provide backing to Hysetco, a company that is promoting hydrogen-based urban mobility through a taxi fleet and network of dedicated charging stations.
Air transportation is responsible for 2% of the world’s energy-related CO2 emissions and is one of the most difficult sectors to decarbonize. Nonetheless, in October 2022 the members of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) pledged to achieve net zero emissions by 2050.
The adoption of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAFs) represents one of the biggest tools in the sector’s arsenal for decarbonizing the aviation industry. SAFs can reduce car¬bon emissions by up to 90% over their entire lifecycle 3. In 2022 TotalEnergies set a goal of capturing 10% of SAF sales worldwide by 2030 and is working with companies across the value chain, from suppliers of bio-based feedstock to customers that are incorporating SAFs into their aircraft fuel. The idea is to achieve economies of scale in the sector so as to reduce costs and boost adoption of this sustainable solution by our customers.
The shipping industry, which generates nearly 3% of the world’s energy-related CO2 emissions, according to the IEA, has already moved aggressively to shrink its carbon footprint, notably via International Maritime Organization (IMO) rules aimed at halving emissions from shipping by 2050 (from 2008 levels).
To help its maritime customers reduce their emissions, TotalEnergies has pledged to supply LNG 4 (10% global market share target in 2030), bio-LNG and biofuels to strategic bunkering hubs. For the longer term, the Company is collaborating with partners from shipping industry coalitions and inter-industry R&D initiatives to shape the future market for decarbonized shipping fuels, including advanced biofuels, biomethane, and more ecofriendly synthetic methanol and ammonia.
Gas-fired power plants are a flexible resource for power generation and can be mobilized quickly; as a result, they offer a secure backup for grids designed to be powered increasingly by inter-mittent renewable sources. Gas-fired plants discharge half the greenhouse gases of the coal-powered plants that still, in some countries, account for the majority of power generation capacity. Natural gas can also replace coal or fuel oil for other applications, such as generating heat for industry or homes.
Ninety-nine percent of our LNG sales are made in countries that are aiming for net zero emissions. A large percentage of the natural gas we sell goes to the electricity industry, where it usually competes with coal and fuel oil to provide marginal capacity for power generation.
Given the positive role played by natural gas, TotalEnergies is aiming to increase its share of the sales mix by 2030, and has made the decision not to set a gas Scope 3 reduction target. When a coal-fired power station is replaced by a gas-fired power station, GHG emissions fall, whereas TotalEnergies’ gas Scope 3 increases.