There is an emergency because as a planet, we have to be Net Zero by 2050. We have to develop and deploy CCUS at the gigatons scale. It's important, it's crucial for the future of our society.
To achieve the net zero ambition, we can activate several levers. The first one is shifting, moving to renewable energies. It's what we are doing today. The second is playing on energy efficiency across all our operations. The third one is CCUS, because we need a global solution to capture CO2, to use it and to store it. It's where we have to play.
We have to attack the biggest point sources of CO2. So this can be from the energy sector, but also can be from the process sector. In parallel work on some negative emission technologies. So this could be the bio energy sector capture and also Direct Air Capture.
Adsorption is a process in which CO2 is absorbed through the surface of a porous solid.
In the Svante process, the shaping of the material is innovative since the adsorbent powder is coated on a carbon fiber. The carbon fibers are stacked on top of each other and make a laminate. The laminate is placed in a rotating disc that also pivots and performs a complete adsorption and regeneration cycle in one minute.
The CO2 storage is essential to climate mitigation. 90 % of the CO2 has to be stored underground, stored permanently, safely, in a reliable way that can be also audited.
Total Energies has a very strong background in understanding what is happening underground. So this past experience, but also with the various projects that we've had to date, we're using this heritage to develop the next generation of reservoir simulation tools, specifically for CO2.
This reservoir tool needs to be able to work on a very very large scale for a very very long time scale, but also include various different types of physics and chemistry of CO2. So the GEOSX simulation tool that is being developed at the moment is ready to be used today and we're applying GEOSX on different use cases.
The simulation parameters are regularly adjusted in light of the monitoring data, through a ‘reality-check’ loop
Total Energies today is a partner in the Northern Lights project in the North Sea. Total Energies will also be running the Aramis project in the Netherlands.
We monitor physical phenomena, namely changes in saturation and the increasing pressure.
For example, on the Aramis project, we are in the process of developing future monitoring technologies based on optical fiber.
In the future, what we'd like to do is to have a circular economy. We can take the CO2 and use it as it is, in greenhouses, as dry ice.
We can take the CO2 and convert it biologically in greenhouses.
We can convert our CO2 into minerals.
And finally, we have what we can call chemical conversion of our CO2. And this chemical conversion is very much in the DNA of TotalEnergies.
E-chemicals and e-fuels are produced via CO2 capture and utilization using sustainable electricity like wind and solar.
CO2 electro conversion to e-ethylene is one step process.
The heart of the technology is the electrolyzer in which CO2 and water are converted to platform molecules like ethylen, CO or syngas, with the help of a catalyst.
The principle of the eCO2-Met project is to convert CO2 using green hydrogen into green methanol. To do so, we will get renewable energy, which will be sent to an electrolyzer. This green hydrogen will be sent to the Methanol synthesis unit, where the CO2 will be converted into Methanol.
We have these DNA to innovate.
We are an integrated company, so we are able to handle the full chain of CCUS.
We have the means, we have the skill set, a broad range of skills. We have a structure to carry out our R&D. We have the right partnerships and we then have the opportunities to develop and to deploy our R&D in the in the field.